Amazon women are long known in the history, as a myth originating from the times of the ancient Greeks. They were female warriors which formed a nation according to the stories, some placing them in Asia Minor, Libya or in the current territory of Ukraine.
According to the stories, one of the queens of the Amazon women was called Penthesilea, and she was one of the participants of the Trojan War. There are many art objects depicting Amazon women warriors while fighting warriors from the Greek states.
From the late periods of the Antiquity to the periods of the Roman Empire, stories kept mentioning the Amazon women, doing raids in areas from Asia Minor. In time, the use of the Amazons words managed to mean a woman warrior.
According to the stories, Amazons were believed to live in Pontus, an area near the Black Sea, in today’s country of Turkey. Apparently, they had a kingdom in that area and their queen was called Hippolyte. Some of the cities which apparently belonged to the Amazon women are Paphos, Sinope, Ephesus and Smyrna. The name given to them by Herodotus was killers of men (Androktones).
Some of these stories said that only women were allowed in this country. To make sure the race didn’t die, it was said that the Amazon women visited a neighbor tribe, called the Gargareans. If there were male kids as a result of these visits, they were either sent to the other tribe, or were killed directly or left in the wild to manage on their own. The female kids were said to be kept and grown by the Amazons. They learned agriculture, how to wage war and how to hunt. Other stories said that the men taken as slaves in battles would be used to perpetuate the race of the Amazons. The Iliad called them Antianeira, which meant that they fought like men did.
The legends of the Greeks which mentioned the Amazons said that they were the invaders of Lycia, that Bellerophon defeated them after Iobates sent him against them, hoping he will be killed. While they were assisted by Priam, the Phrygians were attacked by the Amazons, according to the Iliad.
A task that Heracles received from Eurystheus was to get the girdle of Hyppolyta, who was the queen of the Amazons. Heracles went there together with Theseus, his friend. Theseus took with him Antiope, which was Hippolyte’s sister, and this provoked Attica’s invasion, where Antiope died, according to some stories. In others, Antiope survives and marries Theseus, while some say that he marries Hippolyta.
There were also stories of an expedition of the Amazons on the Leuke island, at Danube’s mouth. There, Thetis deposited Achille’s ashes. His ghost later showed up in that spot, terrifying horses, which in turn trampled the invading forces.
The stories also mention the Amazon women in Alexander’s times, according to some biographers of this great king. Apparently, their queen, Thalestris, visited him and had a child together, but plenty of his other biographers say that it’s false. One of the biographers that said that the story is false was Plutarch, one of the great historians of the time.
Another mention of the Amazon women is done by Virgil, a Roman writer, which characterized Camilla, a warrior maiden, while using the myths of this fictional tribe.