Amazon tribes can be found in great numbers in the rainforest that surrounds this great river. They were even easier to find when the Amazon wasn’t touched by the European colonists, which brought more war, forced labor, alcohol and diseases to these areas. When Europeans arrived, they pushed many Amazon tribes into the rainforest, which was not touched for over a hundred years. The difficulty of reaching deep areas in the rainforest insured that plenty of Amazon tribes still remain today, though they are affected by illegal (wood cutters, drug dealers and more) or legal activities (cattle and agriculture).
If you go into the Amazon rainforest, you will find around 200 groups of Indians, which have a large cultural diversity, with over 180 languages spoken between them. Every single one of these groups has its own heritage and history. If you look at it from a different point of view, these languages belong to 30 language families, which is huge, considering the area occupied by these groups.
An important event that brings the Amazon tribes together is the Kuarup, which is an Indian festival, taking place each summer for the last few centuries. It usually happens during August or July, and it’s held to give the tribes the possibility to honor the dead. It might seem like a sad affair, but this festival is actually quite happy and outsiders will surely enjoy it. Attending will allow you to see rituals, music, food, games and local music. Whether outsiders can attend or not, depends on the decision of the leaders of the tribes, so this isn’t always a sure thing.
Out of the 200 tribes mentioned above, around a quarter of them will avoid having contact with people from outside. The government of Brazil decided to let these groups be and not disturb them, if that’s their wish. As people from outside advance into the jungle, these groups move inside the rainforest even more, migrating on a regular basis. One suggestion currently on the table is the setup of an areas designated for their use, so they don’t need to keep moving.
One other aspect of this situation is the current increase in the population of the Amazon tribes. Even though they suffered constantly over the last 5 centuries, they are still around and living in the Amazon rainforest. It’s a good chance that they will keep living there, maintaining their culture at least partially.
As for their type of life, some of the Amazon tribes are comprised of nomads, so they will move on a regular basis, from one spot to another. In other cases, such a tribe might remain still for decades or centuries, making a life for themselves in one spot. In some cases, such a group can have around 200 people, while the largest ones reach even 30,000 people.
The northwest area of the Amazon has around 22 groups, with a total population of 65,000. They live in areas from Venezuela, Colombia and Brazil, and each of them has their own language.
The Mato Grosso Indians are yet another major group from the Amazon. Some of these groups are similar and interact with each other for festivals, marriages and so on. Four of these groups are closed off, with little interaction for the most part. The deeper you go inside the rainforest, you keep finding tribes that avoid interaction with strangers. The growth might be there overall, but these Amazon tribes are still close to extinction.